Try these keywords: climate, waste, engery


‘Sustainable Development Goals in Action’ Exhibition – Additional Information Section

Written by Sustainable Development Solutions Network

E 2018 SDG Poster without UN emblem Letter US

In September 2015, world leaders agreed to set the world on a path towards sustainable development through the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This agenda includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs, which set out quantitative objectives across the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development — all to be achieved by 2030.

The SDGs are unique in that they call for action by all countries, poor, rich and middle-income, to promote prosperity while protecting the planet. They recognize that ending poverty must go hand-in-hand with strategies that build economic growth and address a range of social needs, including education, health, social protection and job opportunities, while tackling climate change and protecting the environment.

Wedding Cake Model

Wedding cake model Eng

One way to view the relationships among the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is through the ‘wedding cake’ model developed by the Stockholm Resilience Centre.

This hierarchical categorization emphasises that economies and societies are inherently embedded into the biosphere.  The biosphere forms a safe operating space for humanity, within which we can pursue just, equitable, socially-inclusive development and sustained economic growth.

This interpretation of environmental, social and economic sectors, which are traditionally seen as separate systems, highlights our dependency on the well-being of systems in the biosphere.  It calls for action, through partnerships, to attain a sustainable world where our economy and society operate within the limits of the biosphere.

E SDG Icons 06 


Clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in.

What’s the goal here? To ensure access to safe water sources and sanitation for all.

  • The demand for water has outpaced population growth, and half the world’s population is already experiencing severe water scarcity for at least one month a year.
  • 30% of people lack access to safely managed drinking water services. About 3 billion people lack access to basic sanitation services, such as toilets. 25% of health-care facilities worldwide lack basic drinking water services (2016).
  • More than 80% of wastewater resulting from human activities is discharged into rivers or sea without any treatment, leading to pollution.
  • Water and sanitation-related diseases remain among the major causes of death in children under five. More than 800 children die every day from diarrhoeal diseases linked to poor hygiene. Proper water and sanitation is a key foundation for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, including good health and gender equality.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Read a book on water. It will increase your understanding of the crucial impact water plays in sustaining our societies, our economies and our planet.
  • Conserve, conserve, conserve. When ice-cubes are left over from a drink, don’t throw them away. Use them to water your plants.
  • Support organisations that give water to areas in need.
  • Fix leaks at home. A leaky faucet can waste more than 11,000 litres of water per year.
  • Donate to projects that require funds for digging boreholes, installing pipes and pumps, or which provide maintenance training to communities.
  • Hold fundraising days in schools on World Water Day and Toilet Day and donate the money raised to your chosen project.
  • Never flush toxic chemicals((including those found in paint and medicine) down the toilet. Toxic chemicals pollute lakes and rivers and damage the health of both aquatic life and humans.
  • When washing your car, use commercial car washers who recycle water.
  • Turn off the tap when brushing your teeth and while soaping in the shower.
  • Hire a “Green Plumber” to reduce your water, energy and chemical use.


E SDG Icons 13


Climate change is a global challenge that affects everyone, everywhere.

What’s the goal here? Taking urgent action to tackle climate change and its impacts.

  • The global mean temperature in 2018 was approximately 1°C above the pre-industrial baseline. As greenhouse gas levels continue to climb, climate change is occurring at much higher rates than anticipated, and its effects are evident worldwide.
  • If climate change is left unchecked, the increased greenhouse gases will cause average global temperatures to increase beyond 3°C, and will adversely affect every ecosystem. Severe weather and rising sea levels are already affecting people and their property in developed and developing countries.
  • The world must urgently transform its energy, industry, transport, food, agriculture and forestry systems to ensure that we can limit global temperature rise to well below 2°C, and ideally even to 1.5°C.
  • The atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is presently at 146% of pre-industrial levels (2017). To limit global warming to 1.5°C, global carbon emissions need to fall by a staggering 45% by 2030 from 2010 levels.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Compost food scraps.
  • Drive less. Walk, cycle, take public transport or use a car pool.
  • When shopping, take re-useable bags.
  • Air dry. Let your hair and clothes dry naturally.
  • Avoid driving in peak-hour traffic.
  • Maintain your car. A well-maintained car emits fewer pollutants.
  • Encourage your school or company to plant new trees every year. Trees give out oxygen and take in carbon dioxide.
  • Unplug televisions, computers and other electronic equipment when not in use.
  • Spread awareness about ways to combat global warming.
  • Only buy what you need. 20-50% of the food we buy ends up in landfill.


E SDG Icons 14


Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future.

What’s the goal here? To conserve and sustainably use the world’s oceans, seas and marine resources.

  • Oceans provide key natural resources, including food, medicines, biofuels and other products. They help with the breakdown and removal of waste and pollutants, and their coastal ecosystems act as buffers to reduce damage from storms. Maintaining healthy oceans supports climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts.
  • Increasing levels of debris in the world’s oceans are having a major environmental and economic impact. Ocean acidity has also increased by 26% since pre-industrial times, and is expected to rapidly increase by 100–150% by 2100. The increase in ocean acidity is an undesirable development which impacts the ability of the ocean to absorb carbon dioxide and endangers marine life.
  • Over 3 billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihood. However, the proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels declined from 90% in 1974 to 67% in 2015.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Start regularly volunteering in community groups to clean up litter from local beaches.
  • Don’t buy jewellery and other items made from coral, tortoise shells or other marine life.
  • Eat local sustainable food.
  • Support organisations that protect the oceans.
  • Use fewer plastic products, as they often end up in the oceans, where they can cause the death of marine animals.
  • Respect laws related to over-fishing.
  • Inform yourself on ocean activities by watching educational programmes and documentaries.
  • Avoid buying wild-caught, salt-water fish for your home aquarium.
  • Only use dishwashers and washing machines when you have enough items for washing to fill them up.
  • Practice responsible recreational activities such as boating, fishing, snorkelling and kayaking.


E SDG Icons 15


Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss.

What’s the goal here? To sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, and halt biodiversity loss.

  • Forests cover nearly 31% of our planet’s land area. From the air we breathe, to the water we drink, to the food we eat, forests sustain us. Around 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihood.
  • Forests are home to more than 80% of all terrestrial species of animals, plants and insects. However, biodiversity is declining faster than at any time previously in human history
  • The risk of species extinction has worsened by almost 10% over the last 25 years. 1 million plant and animal species are at risk of extinction.
  • Natural disasters as a result of human- and climate-induced ecosystem disruption are already costing the world more than US$300 billion per year. Not taking action to protect forests impacts both the health of the planet and our communities.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Avoid using pesticides that end up in rivers and lakes, as they are harmful to wildlife.
  • Eat seasonal produce. It tastes better, is cheaper and is also environmentally friendly.
  • Help fund projects to rehabilitate sterile land.
  • Never buy products made from threatened or endangered species.
  • Recycle used paper and do without paper whenever possible.
  • When shopping in stores or markets, make environmentally-friendly choices that benefit our planet.
  • Eat less meat. The production and distribution of meat is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Make your own compost. Compost supports biodiversity, enriches soil, and reduces the need for chemical fertilizers.
  • Participate in local urban farming.
  • Buy recycled products.



E SDG Icons 01 


Economic growth must be inclusive to provide sustainable jobs and promote equality.

What’s the goal here? To end poverty in all its forms everywhere by 2030.

  • More than 700 million people, or 10% of the world population, still live in extreme poverty and struggle to meet the most basic needs, such as health, education, and access to water and sanitation,. Most people in sub-Saharan Africa live on less than $1.90 a day (i.e. below the poverty line).
  • Poverty has many dimensions, but its causes include unemployment, social exclusion, and the high vulnerability of certain populations to disasters, diseases and other phenomena which prevent them from being productive.
  • 55% of the world’s population have no access to social protection.
  • More than 90% of deaths due to disasters occur in low and middle-income countries.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Get everyone involved. Make regular outreach day trips to areas in need.
  • At birthday parties, encourage guests to donate money to your chosen charity instead of buying a birthday gift.
  • Buy fair-trade products to support a sustainable trade system, which seeks to ensure that employees are rewarded fairly for their work.
  • Teach a skill or short course at a community centre (e.g. computer skills, building a resume, preparing for job interviews).
  • Buy clothing or other products from stores that donate a portion of their money to charities.
  • Sponsor a child to give it access to food, education and health.
  • Clean out your pantry. Fill a box with non-perishable foods and donate it to a food bank.
  • Generate discussion about poverty. Write a blog, or write an article in a local newspaper.
  • Volunteer to work in homeless shelters. Your time can be more valuable than your money.
  • If possible, give something to every beggar on the street. Giving an apple, a bottle of water, some small change or even just a smile is better than not giving at all.


E SDG Icons 02


The food and agriculture sector offers key solutions for development, and is central for hunger and poverty eradication.

What’s the goal here? To end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.

  • More than 800 million people suffer from hunger worldwide, the vast majority of whom live in developing countries.
  • Climate-induced shocks, civil insecurity and declining food production have all contributed to food scarcity and high food prices. Investment in the agriculture sector is critical for reducing hunger and poverty, improving food security, creating employment and building resilience to disasters.
  • A profound change in the global food and agriculture system is needed to nourish today’s 800 million hungry, plus the additional 2 billion increase in global population expected by 2050.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Spread the word. The more ideas are spread to combat hunger, the more people act.
  • Donate non-perishable foods to charities.
  • Support food assistance programs. They provide over 20 times more food than food banks, food pantries and soup kitchens.
  • Provide food for schools in developing countries. Attendance increases at schools which provide lunch for their children.
  • If you pay your workers only the minimum wage, you can support them in other ways, by helping with their education and housing needs.
  • Many emergency food providers need help from people with accounting, social media or writing skills. If you have such skills, volunteer your expertise once a week.
  • Keep a bag of apples or some tinned food in the car to give to street beggars.
  • Many hungry people hesitate to ask for help because they feel ashamed of their poverty and are afraid they will be looked down on. Speak up about misconceptions and educate others about the realities of hungry persons.
  • Read a book on hunger. A greater understanding of its causes will better prepare you to make a difference.
  • Support local farmers by buying your food at farmers’ markets.


E SDG Icons 03


Ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages is essential to sustainable development.

What’s the goal here? To ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.

  • At least half the world’s population are still without access to essential health services. Concerted efforts are required to achieve universal health coverage and sustainable financing for health, to address the growing burden of non-communicable diseases, and to tackle antimicrobial resistance and environmental factors contributing to ill health.
  • Spending $1 billion in immunization coverage can save 1 million children’s lives each year.
  • Ensuring healthy lives for all requires a strong commitment, but the benefits outweigh the cost. Healthy people are the foundation for healthy economies.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Don’t smoke.
  • Be more active. Go for walks at lunchtime or cycle to work.
  • Eat a healthy diet and drink a lot of water.
  • Help to increase awareness of, and support for, mental health ailments such as depression, substance abuse or Alzheimer’s (one of the causes of Dementia).
  • Heart disease remains the world’s number 1 killer. Educate yourself on the causes and symptoms of heart disease and other Non-Communicable Diseases.
  • HIV/AIDS is not over. Protect yourself. Test yourself.
  • Never stop learning. Engaging in work or educational activities helps lift older people out of depression. Try learning a new language, or reading a lot, or setting up a book club.
  • Breastfeed. Breastfeeding is natural and the best source of nourishment for babies. Breastfeeding protects infants from illnesses, has long-term benefits for children, and benefits mothers.
  • Get enough sleep.
  • Make time for yourself and your friends.


E SDG Icons 04


Obtaining a quality education is the foundation to improving people’s lives and sustainable development.

What is the goal here? To ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning.

  • Education enables upward socioeconomic mobility and is a key to escaping poverty. Education is also essential to achieving many other SDGs.
  • Education empowers people everywhere to live more healthy and sustainable lives. Education is also crucial to fostering tolerance between people, and contributes to more peaceful societies.
  • Globally, 262 million children and adolescents remain out of school. 617 million lack minimum proficiency in reading and mathematics. 750 million adults still remain illiterate, two thirds of whom are women.
  • Adequate infrastructure and teacher training play a critical role in the quality of education. However, more than half of the schools in sub-Saharan Africa do not have access to drinking water, electricity, computers and the Internet.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Teach your native language to migrants in a youth centre or elsewhere.
  • Provide food at schools to increase attendance.
  • Educate your children about the power of education, as many young people find it difficult to appreciate its tangible benefits.
  • Show films or TV shows that are educational as well as entertaining for children.
  • Take education outside the school and keep it fun. Travel. Take children on day trips to planetaria or museums.
  • Support charities that are working in education in the poorest parts of the world.
  • Donate books to public libraries or public schools that need them.
  • Share success stories, including stories that failed to make the headlines.
  • Share your skills with those who need them.
  • In many countries, girls are taken out of school early in order to get married. Start conversations that allow for problems to be openly discussed and solutions to be found.


E SDG Icons 05


Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world.

What’s the goal here? To achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

  • Women and girls represent half of the world’s population and therefore also half of its potential. But gender inequality persists everywhere and holds back social progress. In 2018, women only held 27% of managerial positions worldwide. Across the globe, women and girls perform a disproportionate share of unpaid domestic work.
  • Women and girls around the world continue to experience violence and cruel practices. 18% of ever-partnered women and girls aged 15–49 years have experienced physical or sexual partner violence, or both.
  • Disadvantages in education translate into lack of access to skills and limited opportunities in the labour market. Women and girls’ empowerment is essential to expand economic growth and promote social development.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Increase gender representation in areas of leadership in the workplace.
  • Practice and demonstrate to children equal decision-making processes at home.
  • Encourage schools to provide scholarships for girls.
  • Remonstrate with media outlets (e.g. advertising companies, movie production houses) about the harmful impact of portraying women as inferior, less intelligent and less competent than their male counterparts.
  • Use mentoring and coaching to help women build their confidence and develop their careers.
  • If you are a woman, know your rights and stand up for them.
  • Make flexibility and work-life balance a part of your company’s culture.
  • Make gender equality part of training and education. Young people should be supported in choosing jobs that advance their future, regardless of their gender.
  • Gender equality starts at home.
  • Sponsor a girl child who needs a role model.


E SDG Icons 07


Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity.

What’s the goal here? To ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.

  • A well-established energy system supports all sectors, from businesses, medicine and education to agriculture, infrastructure, communications and high-technology.
  • For many decades, fossil fuels such as coal, oil or gas have been major sources of electricity production. But burning carbon fuels produces large amounts of greenhouse gases which cause climate change and have harmful impacts on the environment and on our overall well-being.
  • Nearly 90% of people now have access to electricity, but reaching the unserved will require increased efforts.
  • The health and well-being of some 3 billion people are adversely impacted by the lack of clean cooking fuels which forces them to use fuels such as wood, charcoal, dung and coal, which cause indoor air pollution.
  • Global electricity use is rising rapidly. Without a stable electricity supply, countries will not be able to power their economies.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Cover pans with a lid. This reduces the amount of energy required to boil water by 75%.
  • Turn off electronic equipment such as televisions and computers when going on holiday.
  • Turn lights off in rooms that aren’t being used. When you switch your lights off, even for a few seconds, you save more energy than you use in turning on a light, regardless of the bulb type.
  • Efficient home designs also combine energy efficient constructions, appliances and lighting, such as solar water heating and solar electricity.
  • Use energy-efficient lightbulbs and operate your household appliances at low-energy settings.
  • Turn down the thermostat and fill your house with carpets to retain warmth.
  • Support solar power projects for schools, homes and offices.
  • Only fill kettles with the amount of water you need.
  • If you are installing air conditioning, consider using solar air conditioning.
  • Seek advice and guidance on energy efficiency in historic buildings.


E SDG Icons 11


There needs to be a future in which cities provide opportunities for all, with access to basic services, energy, housing, transportation and more.

What’s the goal here? To make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

  • The world is becoming increasingly urbanized. Since 2007, more than half the world’s population has been living in cities, and this share is projected to rise to 60% by 2030 and 68% by 2050. Cities and metropolitan areas are powerhouses of economic growth, contributing about 60% of global GDP.
  • However, inequality is a major concern in cities. 25% of urban residents live in slum-like conditions (2018). 2 billion people do not have access to waste collection services. Only half (53%) of urban residents have convenient access to public transport (2018). 90% of urban residents breathe polluted air.
  • Cities occupy just 3% of the Earth’s land surface, but account for 60–80% of its energy consumption, 70% of its carbon emissions and over 60 % of its resource use.
  • Many cities are also more vulnerable to climate change and natural disasters due to their high population density, so building urban resilience is crucial for avoiding human, social and economic losses.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Start a car-pooling system online, internally in the office, or in areas that don’t have access to reliable public transport.
  • Generate awareness of your city’s carbon footprint and suggest ways to improve it.
  • Advocate and support the development of sport and recreational spaces. They help build stronger, healthier, happier and safer communities.
  • Use public transport, city bikes and other environmentally friendly transport modes.
  • Research, encourage and raise awareness for greater information transparency within your community.
  • Reach out to underprivileged areas. Integrate people of different classes and ethnicities and include them in decision-making processes on subjects such as living conditions and pollution that are directly relevant to them.
  • Reduce fares for public transport in cities that face the challenge of congestion.
  • Learn more about the cultural and natural heritage of your area. Visit heritage sites and post about these in a positive light.
  • Gather in small community groups to discuss ways to ensure safe and accessible public spaces, especially for women, children, elderly people and people with disabilities.
  • As a company, offer reduced fees for hiring city bicycles.


E SDG Icons 16


Access to justice for all, and building effective, accountable institutions at all levels.

What’s the goal here? To promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all, and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

  • Peaceful, just and inclusive societies are necessary to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). People everywhere need to be free of fear from all forms of violence and to feel safe as they go about their lives, whatever their ethnicity, faith or sexual orientation.
  • Today, about 26 million people are refugees, over 41 million people have been internally displaced, and at least 4 million people are stateless.
  • In order to advance the SDGs, we need effective and inclusive public institutions that can deliver quality education and healthcare, fair economic policies and inclusive environmental protection. To achieve peace, justice and inclusion, it is important that governments, civil society and communities work together to implement lasting solutions to reduce violence, deliver justice, combat corruption and ensure inclusive participation at all times.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Make your voice heard and vote in your country’s elections.
  • Participate in your country’s decision-making processes in an informed manner.
  • Stop violence against women. If you see it happening, report it.
  • Find value in different demographics, thoughts and beliefs for an inclusive society.
  • Demonstrate a peaceful environment at home.
  • Be passionate about your country’s decisions, but remain peaceful when standing up for what you believe in.
  • Read, write or make a video to stand up for peace.
  • Spend some time each week quietly reflecting on how you would like to relate to others.
  • Volunteer for local anti-violence organisations and outreach programmes.
  • Host or take part in local community events (e.g. sports events, barbecues, festivals) where people from different backgrounds can get to know one another in safe environments.



E SDG Icons 08


Sustainable economic growth will require societies to create the conditions that allow people to have quality jobs.

What’s the goal here? To promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all.

  • Sustained and inclusive economic growth can drive progress, create decent jobs for all and improve living standards. While real GDP per capita and labour productivity have increased globally, 730 million people remain below the US$1.90 poverty line.
  • In 2018, 20 percent of the world’s youth were not engaged in either education, employment or training.
  • Having a job does not guarantee a decent living. In fact, 8% of employed workers and their families worldwide lived in extreme poverty in 2018.
  • In addition to creating jobs, we also need to improve conditions for more than 700 million women and men who are working, but not earning enough to lift themselves and their families out of poverty. Between 2010 and 2017, real GDP grew by only 4.2% annually in the least developed countries, less than the 7% SDG target.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Encourage Bring-your-child-to-work Days so that children can see what a healthy work environment looks like.
  • Support international campaigns to end modern slavery, forced labour, human trafficking and forced marriages.
  • Provide stability. Empower young professionals to grow into their positions.
  • Provide food for low-earning workers.
  • Provide incentives for hard work. People respond to a reward system.
  • Provide reduced rates for the use of quality health systems and facilities for employees.
  • Ensure safe working conditions.
  • Encourage more job opportunities for young people.
  • Give money to training and development programs designed to enhance skillsets.


E SDG Icons 09


Investments in infrastructure are crucial to achieving sustainable development.

What’s the goal here? To build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.

  • Economic growth, social development and climate action are heavily dependent on investments in infrastructure, sustainable industrial development and technological progress.
  • In the face of a rapidly changing global economic landscape and increasing inequalities, sustained growth must come with industrialization that makes opportunities accessible to all people and is supported by innovation and resilient infrastructure.
  • Basic infrastructure such as roads, information and communication technologies, sanitation, electrical power and water remains scarce in many developing countries. An estimated 3.8 billion people, or 80% of the population in the least developed countries (LDCs), still do not have access to the Internet.
  • The pace of industrialization in LDCs is too slow to meet the 2030 agenda target.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Fund projects that provide infrastructure for basic needs.
  • 1–1.5 billion people still do not have adequate communication services. Host a small event to encourage people to donate their unused, working phones and to raise awareness of the lack of infrastructure for communication services.
  • Hospitals, schools and clinics can host fundraising events for projects which develop health care infrastructure.
  • Immerse yourself. Organise groups to visit regions where basic needs are missing. This will broaden understanding and motivate people to act on what they have seen.
  • Encourage sustainable infrastructure with efficient resources and environmentally friendly technologies.
  • Keep up to date with the latest technologies and innovation.
  • Invest in domestic technology development research and innovation in developing countries.
  • Employ more scientific researchers and development workers in the industrial sector.
  • Make cities healthy. Turn empty roof space in buildings into green roofs. They improve air quality and insulation by up to 25%, absorb sound and promote social integration.
  • Don’t throw away, give away. We often choose to upgrade our electronic gadgets, but in many cases they are still in good working condition. Pass on your old working devices or recycle them, as certain parts can be recovered.


E SDG icons 10


To reduce inequalities, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations.

What’s the goal here? To reduce inequalities within and among countries.

  • Inequalities based on income, sex, age, disability, sexual orientation, race, class, ethnicity, religion and opportunity continue to persist across the world, within and among countries. Inequality threatens long-term social and economic development, harms poverty reduction and destroys people’s sense of fulfilment and self-worth. This, in turn, can breed crime, disease and environmental degradation.
  • More importantly, we cannot achieve sustainable development and make the planet better for all if people are excluded from opportunities, services, and the chance for a better life.
  • Recent statistics have shown that between 2010 and 2016, in 60 out of 94 countries with data, the incomes of the poorest 40 per cent of the population grew faster than those of the population as a whole. Equality for everyone in this world is possible and should be achieved to ensure a life of dignity for all.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Encourage your children to make friends with children from different cultures.
  • Once a month have a coffee with a person who is different from you, whether in race, beliefs, culture or age.
  • Learn to respect all kinds of people who may do things differently than you.
  • Take your children to parks and other communal spaces and look for opportunities to talk to different people. Learn about them. Understand them.
  • Travel the world to learn about different cultures.
  • Sponsor a child to attend school.
  • Read storybooks to children that describe all cultures.
  • Say Yes to increasing the minimum wage of the lowest earning people.
  • Build schools, homes and offices which are more accommodating to older persons and people with disabilities.
  • Combat stereotypes. Write a blog featuring short stories that challenge stereotypical thinking.


E SDG Icons 12


To promote resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all.

What is the goal here? To ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.

  • Economic and social progress over the last century has been accompanied by environmental degradation that is endangering the systems on which our future development and very survival depend. If we don’t act to change our consumption and production patterns, we will cause irreversible damage to our environment.
  • The global material footprint is rapidly growing, outpacing population and economic growth. Developed countries use 20% of natural resources to produce the same amount of economic output as developing countries.
  • If the global population reaches 9.6 billion by 2050, the equivalent of almost 3 earth-sized planets will be required to sustain current lifestyles.
  • Urgent action is needed to ensure that current material needs do not lead to over-extraction of resources and further degradation of the environment.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Don’t keep clothes or other items that you no longer use. Donate them to those who need them.
  • Arrange for school groups to spend 1 hour a week on beaches, by lakes or in parks, to pick up litter and to raise awareness on water pollution.
  • Buy unusually-shaped or overrupe fruits, and make smoothies out of them.
  • Partner with hotels and restaurants to donate to charities leftover food that would otherwise be thrown away.
  • Recycle!
  • Only take short showers. Don’t fill the bath to the top. Excessive use of water contributes to global water stress.
  • Buy sustainable products, including electronics, toys, shampoo, seafood and organic groceries.
  • Eat local food, and support associations and businesses committed to the principles of fair trade.
  • Wash in cold water. Warm water uses more energy.
  • If it is safe to do so, drink tap water.



Partnerships for the Goals  
E SDG Icons 17 


Revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

What’s the goal here? To revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

  • In 2015, world leaders adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This Agenda aims to end poverty, tackle inequalities and combat climate change. We need everyone to come together—governments, civil society, scientists, academia and the private sector—to achieve the sustainable development goals.
  • We are all in this together. The Agenda, with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals, is universal and calls for action by all countries, both developed countries and developing countries, to ensure that no one is left behind.

Actions to achieve this goal

  • Encourage schools to embrace teamwork beyond the classroom in local communities and businesses.
  • Look for synergies and build stronger multi-stakeholder partnerships. Share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources.
  • Teach children about partnerships through sport.
  • Collaborate with organisations that need funding in an area you feel strongly about.
  • Encourage corporate social responsibility towards projects related to sustainable development in developing countries.
  • Collaborate with organisations in different countries which share your own goals.
  • Show the power of partnerships through documentaries on success stories.
  • Be clear, specific and creative about your social goals.
  • Techno-experts: partner with projects that need technological skills in developing countries.